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American liturature Le Thi Thanh Ph.D

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Call of Death American liturature Le Thi Thanh Ph.D

Bài gửi by action_t on 25/4/2009, 1:47 pm

Developing analyzing and interpreting:

In this stage, the focus is on analysis and interpretation. Analysis is process of breaking down something into its parts to examine the part closely. Interpretation is the process of piecing the parts together to discover a pattern that reveals the text’s meanings or significance.

Examining Elements within a Story:

The parts of a story that you can examine are elements that exist within the story: plot, setting, character, point of view, imagery, symbolism, tone, irony, speech, structure, and foreshadowing. Each element provides clues to meaning and can help you interpret a story.

Plot:

Plot is a series of events and thoughts arranged to reveal their dramatic and emotional significance. Plot is not just a sequence of chronological events. Rather, plot implies that there is a meaning full relationship among the events.

Conflict:

Plot is characterized by a conflict: a struggle between two or more opposing forces. The conflict may be internal (person and self) or external (person vs. person; person and nature, person vs. society; or person vs. fate). A story may have more than one conflict.

Plot Summary:

To summarize a plot, you need to determine what you believe are the key of events or happenings in the story and to identify the conflict(s). Ask questions such as these: what is happening? What is the main conflict? Is the conflict resolved (brought to conclusion)? In plot summary, there are primarily four important features:

1. It should be brief. Try to summarize the plot in a few sentences, or in only one or two sentences.
2. It should be accurate. Use the facts as they are presented in the story.

3. It should contain the most important details. Your goal is tell what is happening in the story, to identify what you perceive to be the main conflict.

a.Select what you think are the most significant details.

b.Decide what you are going to include in your summary and what you are going to leave out

c.Present the details in the order in which they occur in the story or in another logical order
d.Focus on the facts and do as little interpretation as possible.

4. It should be primarily in your own words. Retell the story using the own words. Of course, some of the original words of the story must remain, such as the names of people and places. But you can replace many of the words from the original text. Use one of these strategies, or another strategy that you find productive, to find your own words:

a.After reading the story, put in aside and retell the story from the memory.

b.After reading, take notes the story. Then put the story aside and retell the story from the notes

Setting:

Setting refers to the place, time, social environment, and physical of a story.
Place:

The setting may include details that indicate the geographical location of the story, such as the country or city in which the story take place or they may reveal whether the story takes places in a large city or small village. The details may show whether the story takes indoors or out doors, or both.

Time:

The length of time during which the action occurs is a feature of the setting, this may span several years or months or only an hour. Details of the setting, this setting may reveal the time of day, not only through actual clock time but also through the descriptions of light, darkness, and shadows. Details of the setting may reveal time of year, through references to the seasons. The period of history, in which the action occurs, may also be revealed.

Social Environment:

Not all stories include references to social environment, but when they do, such references may include details about the manners, customs, rules and moral codes of a society. Details may also reveal socioeconomic status or level class.

Physical Environment:

Details of the setting reveal the physical environment in which the story takes place.

Such concrete details include references to or descriptions of objects, clothing, nature, buildings, rooms, weather, sounds, smells, and so on. These physical details often indicate the emotional state and of characters or the relationship between characters.

Examining the setting of a story:

Working in a small group or with the whole class, discuss answers to the questions: where does the story take places? When? How long does it take for the action to occur? Which details reveal the society’s manners, customs, rules, moral codes, and/or the socioeconomic level of the characters? Which concrete details reveal a character’s emotional state and/or the relationship between the characters?

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