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VOA: Obama Nominates Bernanke for a Second Term

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Ghost VOA: Obama Nominates Bernanke for a Second Term

Bài gửi by action_t on 23/11/2009, 10:53 am


If u can't wacth this video here, click this link:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C4EuHelxW-Y&feature=player_embedded
This is the VOA Special Economic Report from http://voaspecialenglish.com
The government says the United States economy shrank at an annual rate of one percent in April, May and June. The decrease was less than expected, and much less than at the start of the year. The improvement was partly the result of increased government spending.

Another report showed a small drop in the number of newly jobless workers. There was also a drop in the number of people on long-term unemployment assistance.

In August, President Obama nominated Ben Bernanke for a second term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.
His current four years end in January.

Mister Obama said: "Ben approached a financial system on the verge of collapse with calm and wisdom, with bold action and out-of-the-box thinking that has helped put the brakes on our economic freefall."

Ben Bernanke led the central bank through extraordinary efforts to contain the worst economic crisis since the nineteen thirties.

But economists say it may still be too early to congratulate him on rescuing the economy.

Critics say he failed to do his part to prevent the crisis.
Democrat Chris Dodd, chairman of the Senate Banking Committee, says Ben Bernanke did not act fast enough at the start. And many Republicans criticize the Fed chief -- himself a Republican -- for what they see as too much spending.

He used the bank's power to create money. The Fed established new lending programs, and approved large purchases of government securities and mortgage-related securities.

But the president's decision to renominate Ben Bernanke for Senate confirmation is considered a safe one. In his second term, he will have to consider how and when to withdraw heavy intervention in the financial industry and raise interest rates. The Fed has reduced short-term rates to almost zero.

Heavy government spending could cause inflation unless officials find just the right time to act. But if they act too soon and raise interest rates too much, the economy could crash again.

The White House budget office lowered its estimate for this year's federal deficit. The government will probably spend less than it thought on the financial system. The estimate for the next ten years, however, is higher because the recession was deeper than expected. But even after the economy recovers, the deficit is around four percent of the economy. And that, as the report notes, is "higher than desirable."

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report.

(Adapted from a radio program broadcast 04Sep2009)

nominate: chỉ định
chairman of the Federal Reserve: chủ tịch cục dự trữ liên bang
on the verge of collapse : bên bờ của sự sụp đổ
brake: hãm lại, thắng lại
OUT-OF-THE-BOX THINKING

Meaning:

Thinking that moves away in diverging directions so as to involve a variety of aspects and which sometimes lead to novel ideas and solutions; associated with creativity

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

divergent thinking; out-of-the-box thinking

Hypernyms ("out-of-the-box thinking" is a kind of...):

cerebration; intellection; mentation; thinking; thought; thought process (the process of using your mind to consider something carefully)

Holonyms ("out-of-the-box thinking" is a part of...):

creative thinking; creativeness; creativity (the ability to create)

Extraordinary: lạ thường , khác thường, to lớn

Chairman of Senate Banking Committee: Chủ tịch Uỷ ban Ngân hàng Thượng Viện

Republican: người của đãng cộng hòa/ đảng viên đảng cộng hoà

Criticize: Phê bình, phê phán, bình phẩm, chỉ trích

withdraw: rút (tiền) khỏi

interest rate: lãi suất, tiền lãi ,lợi tức

deficit: tiền thiếu hụt

recession: tình trạng suy thoái kinh tế

mortgage-related securities:

"higher than desirable":

    Hôm nay: 24/5/2017, 10:48 pm